The colour refers primarily to Ukrainian modernism and avant-garde, which marked the transition of Ukraine from a traditional, folk-based culture to a modern, contemporary, cosmopolitan, and urban culture. Colour is the formative basis in the works of Olexandr Bogomazov, Vadym Meller, Olexandra Exter and Kazimir Malevich.
Colour is an important cross-cutting feature of Ukrainian visual culture from antiquity through the present day. Folk art, baroque, avant-garde, official and unofficial art of the Soviet era have all fed off the expressive power of pure colour. v